Emphasis is another principle of art. Artists use emphasis to make certain parts of their artwork stand out and grab your attention. The center of interest or focal point is the place the artist draws your eye to first.
In this painting by Norman Rockwell, the viewer’s eye is drawn to the face of the man standing up in the crowd of people. The dark wall behind the man helps to emphasize this as the focal point.
The First Amendment, by Norman Rockwell
Artists use the Elements of Art to create Emphasis in their artwork.
In the examples below, notice where your eye is drawn within the composition of each rectangle...
Emphasis through Line
Emphasis through Shape
Emphasis through Space
Emphasis through Scale/Proportion
Emphasis through Color
Emphasis through Value