Regents Review Supreme Court Cases Review sheet - Court Cases
Important Supreme Court Cases Review Sheet
Marbury v. Madison = Judicial Review
Gibbons v. Ogden 1824-- Both men operated competing ferry boats between NJ & NY. he power to regulate interstate commerce extends to every type of commercial intercourse between the United States and foreign nations and among the States. The commerce power includes the regulation of navigation, including navigation exclusively for the transportation of passengers. It extends to vessels propelled by steam or fire as well as to wind and sails. Commerce clause of Constitution is upheld--only Congress can regulate interstate commerce.
McCulloch v. Maryland = Federal Supremacy, and the right of Federal Govt. to charter a bank. "The Power to Tax is the Power to Destroy!"
Worcester v. Georgia = The Supreme Court ruled that Georgia could not pass legislation removing Cherokees from Cherokee lands. President Jackson ignored = Trail of Tears
Dred Scott v Sandford = Roger B. Taney says that slaves are property and can not sue in court. The Missouri Compromise is also effected.
Muller v. Oregon = Limits hours women can work.
Adkins v. Children's Hospital = refutes Muller decision.
Schenck v. US = "Clear and Present Danger" Can't shout "FIRE!!!!" in a crowded theater (limits free speech). Schenck was opposed to US involvement in WWI & protested & urged men drafted not to go to war. His actions & speech were a "clear & present danger" to America's effort to fight & win the war.
Dennis v. US - Eugene Dennis was the leader of the American Communist party. SC up holds the Smith Act-Limits free speech/Due process. Fear of Communism. Similar to "clear and present danger" mentioned above in Schenck. Dennis is a communist and is advocating the overthrow of the US. Threatening to "over throw the USA" is not protected speech. Limits free speech.
US v. Butler - Declares AAA Unconstitutional –
Korematsu v. US = Japanese Internment is Constitutional as Executive Order 9066 states that in times of War, rights can be limited. Korematsu looses the case.
Plessy v. Ferguson = Justifies Jim Crow laws, and "separate but equal."
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka KS........ Ends segregation in schools. reverses Plessy v Ferguson.
Roe v. Wade = legalizes abortion, but not in all cases. Women have the right to privacy via the 4th amendment & equality before the law's 14th amendment.
Miranda v. Arizona, Gideon v. Wainwright, Mapp v. Ohio = rights of the accused. Name the Amendments that are covered by these cases
Cases involving a school: Tinker v. Des Moines, 2 HS students wear black arm bands to protest the Vietnam war. School suspends them. SC says students don't leave their rights at the school door. students win the case.
TLO. V NJ: Gives school administrators broad search & seizure powers. They have an obligation to keep schools safe. the girl T.L.O. looses the case.